Anatomy and Physiology 1a: Introduction
Increase your understanding of the form and function of the human body! Starting with the relationship between anatomy and physiology, you will then learn about cell structure and its processes. Discover the functions and purposes of the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and cardiovascular systems as well as diseases that affect those systems. Becoming familiar with the terminology of the human body is essential to those pursuing health sciences or wanting to gain a greater sense of how the human body works. This is a lab course.
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Students will demonstrate an understanding of the organization of the human body by relating anatomy and physiology, describing the levels of organization of the human body, and explaining anatomical positioning.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of body chemistry by describing the cell structure, explaining cell function, and explaining the cell cycle.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the skeletal system by describing functions of the skeletal system, explaining the structure of bones, and describing the classification of bones.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the muscular system by describing functions of the muscles, explaining types of muscle tissue, and summarizing muscle movement.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nervous system by explaining the functions of the central nervous system, explaining the functions of the autonomic nervous system, and explaining the functions of the senses.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the integumentary system by explaining the structure of the integumentary system, describing the functions of the integumentary system, and explaining the diseases and disorders of the integumentary system.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the blood system by explaining the elements of blood, describing blood vessel structure, and summarizing types of blood illnesses.
Students will demonstrate an understanding of the cardiovascular system by explaining the structure of the heart, explaining the functions of the circulatory system, and describing the diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Unit 1: Human Body Organization
Define and discuss the terms anatomy and physiology and their relationship to one another
Describe the levels of organization of the human body from simple to complex
Define and describe the anatomical positions and directional terms used in human anatomy
Locate and describe the main regions, sections, and cavities of the body
Unit 2: Chemistry of the Body
Summarize the relationships among homeostasis, control systems, and feedback loops
Explain the structure and function of typical cells
Explain mitosis and meiosis: their similarities and differences
Describe and discuss how damage to one type of cell and/or tissue may impact the function of other cells and tissues
Unit 3: The Skeletal System
Describe the structure and function of bones
Identify the different types of bones
Differentiate between the axial and appendicular skeleton
Classify joints and their specific functions
Summarize common diseases and disorders of the skeletal system
Unit 4: The Muscular System
Explain the structure and function of muscles and muscle tissue
Describe the sliding filament theory
Interpret the names of various muscles based on Latin terms
Distinguish between a muscle strain and other muscle injuries
Unit 5: The Nervous System
Outline the organization and functions of the central and autonomic nervous systems
Locate and identify the major regions of the brain and describe their functions
Analyze the basic structure and functions of the cranial nerves, spinal cord, and special sense organs
Discuss common diseases and disorders of the neurological system
Unit 6: The Integumentary System
Analyze the structure and function of the integumentary systems
Discuss potential alterations in skin integrity
Demonstrate the knowledge and skill related to performing effective hand hygiene
Identify and analyze common diseases and disorders of the integumentary system
Unit 7: Essential Knowledge About Blood
Distinguish between the various types of blood vessels
Demonstrate knowledge of the composition of blood
Identify the different ABO compatibilities
Describe various disorders and diseases of the blood and its components
Unit 8: The Cardiovascular System and The Heart
Describe the structure and function of the heart and circulatory pathways
Compare and contrast systemic and pulmonary circulation
Summarize the path for electrical conduction in the heart
Discuss common diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular system