Adult Ed

Adult Education Biology (Lab)

1.0 Credit
36 weeks

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The Biology course guides students through the study of living and non-living systems and how they interact with one another. Students explore the world they live in by posing questions and seeking answers through scientific inquiry. Discovery takes place through observation and data collection. The students will be introduced to the structure, function, diversity, and evolution of living matter. This is a course with real relevance. It encourages curiosity and provides opportunity for students to work on hands on lab activities and develop relationships through collaboratively learning. Engaging in the study of biological science broadens the picture of the world around us.


Foundations of Biology

Students will demonstrate an understanding of foundations of biology by describing the scientific method, explaining elements of the chemistry of life, and describing Earth’s early atmosphere.

Cell Structures and Processes

Students will demonstrate an understanding of cell structures and processes by analyzing properties of water, describing cell structure and function, explaining processes of cellular transport, and explaining cellular energy.

Heredity and Cell Reproduction

Students will demonstrate an understanding of heredity and cell reproduction by comparing types of cell division, describing heredity and genetic mutations, explaining the process and applications of DNA replication, and explaining the process of protein synthesis.

Ecological Systems

Students will demonstrate an understanding of ecological systems by describing fundamentals of ecology, summarizing the characteristics of the biosphere, describing elements of ecosystems, and explaining the impact of changes on ecosystems.

Evolution and Natural Selection

Students will demonstrate an understanding of evolution and natural selection by explaining the theory of evolution and describing the process of natural selection.

Classification and Diversity

Students will demonstrate an understanding of classification and diversity by explaining the classification of organisms and describing the features specific to organisms in each kingdom.

Systems of the Human Body

Students will demonstrate an understanding of systems of the human body by describing the structure and function of the human body systems and comparing body system actions.

Major Topics and Concepts

Foundations of Biology

  • Science processes
  • Observations and inferences
  • Historical frame of reference- scientists and explorers
  • Theory vs. law, science vs. pseudoscience
  • Technology/ Microscopes
  • Properties of water
  • The origin of life on Earth
  • Universal genetic code
  • Anaerobic respiration (Honors)
  • Discovery of cells

Segment I
Life’s Origin

  • Properties of Carbon Atoms
  • Carbohydrates/Proteins/Lipids/Nucleic Acids
  • Cell Theory
  • Theory of Endosymbiosis (Honors)
  • Cell Membrane
  • Osmosis/Diffusion
  • Active Transport
  • Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
  • Comparison of plant and animal cells
  • Energy and ATP
  • Cell Respiration
  • Fermentation
  • Glycolysis
  • Krebs cycle/Calvin cycle
  • Stages of Photosynthesis
  • Light Dependent/Independent Reactions

Cell Reproduction

  • Cell Cycle
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis
  • Binary Fission (Honors)
  • Cancer
  • History of Genetics
  • Discovery of DNA and its role in genetics and heredity
  • Principles of Genetics and Heredity
  • Mutations
  • Biotechnology

Earth’s Diversity

  • Levels of Organization
  • Biotic and Abiotic Factors
  • Energy in the Ecosystem
  • Food Chains and Food Webs
  • Climate/Climate Zones
  • Biomes
  • Marine Ecosystems
  • Habitat/Niche
  • Successions
  • Populations
  • Threats to Biodiversity
  • Air/Water Quality
  • Human Population growth
  • Cycling Matter
  • Making Informed Decisions
  • Earth’s Hydrologic and Biogeochemical cycles (Honors)

Segment II
Scientific Connections

  • Theories on Evolution
  • Catastrophism/Gradualism/ Uniformitarianism
  • Evidence of Evolution
  • Artificial Selection
  • Natural Selection
  • Patterns of Evolution
  • Primate Evolution
  • Molecular Evolution (Honors)

Classification and Diversity

  • Classification Systems
  • Introduction to the kingdoms of life
  • Taxonomy of bacteria
  • Viruses vs. bacteria
  • Taxonomy of protists
  • General characteristics of protists
  • Taxonomy of Fungi
  • General characteristics of fungi
  • Taxonomy of plants
  • Adaptations of plants
  • Structure and function in plants
  • Importance of plants
  • Plant reproduction, pollination
  • Fruits, seeds, seed dispersal
  • Taxonomy of animals
  • Characteristics of invertebrates
  • Characteristics of vertebrates