High School

Anatomy and Physiology 1a (lab)

0.5 Credits
18 weeks
Open
Digital Badge

Anatomy and Physiology 1a: Introduction

Increase your understanding of the form and function of the human body! Starting with the relationship between anatomy and physiology, you will then learn about cell structure and its processes. Discover the functions and purposes of the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and cardiovascular systems as well as diseases that affect those systems. Becoming familiar with the terminology of the human body is essential to those pursuing health sciences or wanting to gain a greater sense of how the human body works. This is a lab course.

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Competencies

Organization of the Human Body

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the organization of the human body by relating anatomy and physiology, describing the levels of organization of the human body, and explaining anatomical positioning.

Body Chemistry

Students will demonstrate an understanding of body chemistry by describing the cell structure, explaining cell function, and explaining the cell cycle.

The Skeletal System

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the skeletal system by describing functions of the skeletal system, explaining the structure of bones, and describing the classification of bones.

The Muscular System

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the muscular system by describing functions of the muscles, explaining types of muscle tissue, and summarizing muscle movement.

The Nervous System

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nervous system by explaining the functions of the central nervous system, explaining the functions of the autonomic nervous system, and explaining the functions of the senses.

The Integumentary System

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the integumentary system by explaining the structure of the integumentary system, describing the functions of the integumentary system, and explaining the diseases and disorders of the integumentary system.

The Blood System

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the blood system by explaining the elements of blood, describing blood vessel structure, and summarize types of blood illnesses.

Cardiovascular System

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the cardiovascular system by explaining the structure of the heart, explaining the functions of the circulatory system, and describing the diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system.

Major Topics and Concepts

Unit 1:

  • Define and discuss the terms anatomy and physiology and their relationship to one another
  • Describe the levels of organization of the human body from simple to complex
  • Define and describe the anatomical positions and directional terms used in human anatomy
  • Locate and describe the main regions, sections, and cavities of the body

Unit 2:

  • Summarize the relationships among homeostasis, control systems, and feedback loops
  • Explain the structure and function of typical cells
  • Explain mitosis and meiosis: their similarities and differences
  • Describe and discuss how damage to one type of cell and/or tissue may impact the function of other cells and tissues

Unit 3:

  • Describe the structure and function of bones
  • Identify the different types of bones
  • Differentiate between the axial and appendicular skeleton
  • Classify joints and their specific functions
  • Summarize common diseases and disorders of the skeletal system

Unit 4:

  • Explain the structure and function of muscles and muscle tissue
  • Describe the sliding filament theory
  • Interpret the names of various muscles based on Latin terms
  • Distinguish between a muscle strain and other muscle injuries

Unit 5:

  • Outline the organization and functions of the central and autonomic nervous systems
  • Locate and identify the major regions of the brain and describe their functions
  • Analyze the basic structure and functions of the cranial nerves, spinal cord, and special sense organs
  • Discuss common diseases and disorders of the neurological system

Unit 6:

  • Analyze the structure and function of the integumentary systems
  • Discuss potential alterations in skin integrity
  • Demonstrate the knowledge and skill related to performing effective hand hygiene
  • Identify and analyze common diseases and disorders of the integumentary system

Unit 7:

  • Distinguish between the various types of blood vessels
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the composition of blood
  • Identify the different ABO compatibilities
  • Describe various disorders and diseases of the blood and its components

Unit 8:

  • Describe the structure and function of the heart and circulatory pathways
  • Compare and contrast systemic and pulmonary circulation
  • Summarize the path for electrical conduction in the heart
  • Discuss common diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular system

Course Materials

  • Home blood pressure monitor, or blood pressure monitor at school nurse, drugstore, etc.