Anatomy and Physiology 1a (lab) - VLACS
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Status

Open

Estimated Completion Time

18 weeks

Overview

Anatomy and Physiology 1a: Introduction

Increase your understanding about the form and function of the human body! Starting with the relationship between anatomy and physiology, you will then learn about cell structure and their processes. Discover the functions and purposes of the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and cardiovascular systems as well as diseases that affect those systems. Becoming familiar with the terminology of the human body is essential to those pursuing health sciences or wanting to gain a greater sense of how the human body works.

This is a lab course.

Major Topics and Concepts

What you will learn in Unit 1:

Define and discuss the terms anatomy and physiology and their relationship to one another
Describe the levels of organization of the human body from simple to complex
Define and describe the anatomical positions and directional terms used in human anatomy
Locate and describe the main regions, sections, and cavities of the body

What you will learn in Unit 2:

Summarize the relationships among homeostasis, control systems, and feedback loops
Explain the structure and function of typical cells
Explain mitosis and meiosis: their similarities and differences
Describe and discuss how damage to one type of cell and/or tissue may impact the function of other cells and tissues

What you will learn in Unit 3:

Describe the structure and function of bones
Identify the different types of bones
Differentiate between the axial and appendicular skeleton
Classify joints and their specific functions
Summarize common diseases and disorders of the skeletal system

What you will learn in Unit 4:

Explain the structure and function of muscles and muscle tissue
Describe the sliding filament theory
Interpret the names of various muscles based on Latin terms
Distinguish between a muscle strain and other muscle injuries

What you will learn in Unit 5:

Outline the organization and functions of the central and autonomic nervous systems
Locate and identify the major regions of the brain and describe their functions
Analyze the basic structure and functions of the cranial nerves, spinal cord, and special sense organs
Discuss common diseases and disorders of the neurological system

What you will learn in Unit 6:

Analyze the structure and function of the integumentary systems
Discuss potential alterations in skin integrity
Demonstrate the knowledge and skill related to performing effective hand hygiene
Identify and analyze common diseases and disorders of the integumentary system

What you will learn in Unit 7:
Distinguish between the various types of blood vessels
Demonstrate knowledge of the composition of blood
Identify the different ABO compatibilities
Describe various disorders and diseases of the blood and its components

What you will learn in Unit 8:

Describe the structure and function of the heart and circulatory pathways
Compare and contrast systemic and pulmonary circulation
Summarize the path for electrical conduction in the heart
Discuss common diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular system

Credits .5

Competencies

  • Organization and Chemistry of the Human Body:
    Students will demonstrate an understanding of anatomical terminology by defining and locating regions of the body while identifying the structure and function of body tissue at a cellular level.
  • Skeletal and Muscular System:
    Students will demonstrate an understanding of the skeletal and muscular systems by explaining the structure and function of bones and muscle tissue and how the y work together as well as the possible disorders, diseases and injuries sustained in both systems.
  • Nervous System:
    Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nervous system by identifying the parts of the nervous system while describing their functions and Identifying the diseases and disorders that affect the nervous system.
  • Integumentary System:
    Students will demonstrate an understanding of the integumentary system by describing the structure and function of the integumentary system, identifying skin alterations and analyzing common diseases, disorders and injuries of the integumentary system.
  • Blood/Cardiovascular System:
    Students will demonstrate an understanding of the blood and cardiovascular systems by differentiating between types of blood vessels, identifying the composition of blood, describing the structure and function of the heart and the path of electrical conduction as well as summarize the common diseases and disorders of both the blood and cardiovascular system.

Pre-Requisites

Biology or permission from a counselor.

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